The two main anesthetic techniques we provide are monitored anesthesia care (MAC) and general anesthesia.
MAC is often used interchangeably with conscious sedation and twilight anesthesia. As it relates to dentistry, you may hear about sleep dentistry, sedation dentistry, dental anesthesia, and intravenous, or IV, sedation. By definition, MAC is given by a physician and provides:
• Diagnosis and treatment of clinical problems that occur during the procedure
• Support of vital functions
• Administration of sedatives, analgesics, hypnotics, anesthetic agents or other medications as necessary for patient safety
• Psychological support and physical comfort
• Provision of other medical services as needed to complete the procedure safely.
We also provide general anesthesia, where patients are asleep and unresponsive to pain. This technique often requires intubating, or placing, a tube into the trachea through the nose or mouth. Whether MAC or general anesthesia is given, we monitor cardiac, circulatory, and respiratory functions, which include auscultation, or listening, of heart and breath sounds, pulse oximetry for measuring oxygen saturation, capnography to confirm ventilation, electrocardiogram, blood pressure, and temperature.
These monitors are standards of the American Society of Anesthesiologists to alert the anesthesiologist to changes in the patient’s condition under anesthesia. Still, the motto of our society is vigilance and as of yet, no piece of technology has replaced the sound judgment of an anesthesiologist.
1. American Society of Anesthesiologists. Position on Monitored Anesthesia Care. asahq.org, accessed: September 16, 2014.
2. Barash P, Cullen B, Stoelting R, et al., eds. Clinical Anesthesia. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
We are physician anesthesiologists (medical doctor / MD) who provide anesthesia to individuals with a phobia, fear, and anxiety for outpatient procedures in fields such as dermatology, plastic surgery, gastroenterology (upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, EGD, colonoscopy, otolaryngology (ear, nose, throat / ENT), and dentistry (deep cleaning, implant, all-on-four, root canal, and wisdom teeth extraction).
We provide various levels of anesthesia–from monitored anesthesia care (MAC) to general anesthesia. MAC is often used interchangeably with conscious sedation and twilight anesthesia. As it relates to dentistry, it is referred to as sleep dentistry, sedation dentistry, dental anesthesia, and intravenous, or IV, sedation.
We practice in Northern (Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma counties) and Southern (Los Angeles, Orange, San Bernardino, Riverside, Ventura, and San Diego counties) California.